symbol


symbol
symbol 1 Symbol, emblem, attribute, type can all denote a perceptible thing that stands for or suggests something invisible or intangible. Symbol and emblem are often used interchangeably but they can be so used as to convey clearly distinguishable notions.
Symbol is applicable to whatever serves as an outward sign of something spiritual or immaterial; thus, the cross is to Christians the symbol of salvation because of its connection with the Crucifixion; the circle, in medieval thought, was the symbol of eternity because it, like eternity, has neither beginning nor end. This close and natural connection between the symbol and what it makes visible or partly intelligible is not always so strongly implied; it may be a traditional, conventional, or even an arbitrary association of one thing with another that is suggested
{

a king's crown is the symbol of his sovereignty and his scepter the symbol of his authority

}
{

upstairs suites and private dining rooms whose symbol became a hot bird and a cold bottle served by a graying waiter in sideburns— Lucius Beebe

}
{

a flock of sheep is not the symbol of a free people— New Republic

}
Emblem, as distinguished from symbol, implies representation of an abstraction or use in representation; it is applicable chiefly to a pictorial device or a representation of an object or a combination of objects (as on a shield, a banner, or a flag) intended to serve as an arbitrary or chosen symbol of the character or history of one (as a family, a nation, a royal line, or an office) that has adopted it; thus, the spread eagle, the usual emblem of the United States, is found in its coat of arms and on some of its coins and postage stamps; the emblem of Turkey, a crescent and a star, appears on its flag
{

the emblem of the school is a dolphin, token of the marine source of the founder's wealth— Thorogood

}
{

remembering this flower ... as the feminine emblem of the big college football games— Edmund Wilson

}
Emblem is also applied to what is technically known in painting and sculpture as an attribute, some object that is conventionally associated with the representation either of a character (as a Greek divinity or a Christian saint) or of a personified abstraction, and is the means by which the character or abstraction is identified; thus, in fine art the balance is the emblem, or attribute, of Justice; the turning wheel, of Fortune; the club, of Hercules; and the spiked wheel, of St. Catherine of Alexandria
{

Saint Helena is always painted with a cross beside her, or holding one, as a reminder that it was she who found the original cross. In this instance the cross is an attribute, not a symbol—G. W. Benson

}
Type, especially in theological use, is applied to a person or thing that prefigures or foreshadows someone or something to come and that stands therefore as his or its symbol until the reality appears. In theology, biblical interpretation, and religious poetry, it usually also implies a divine dispensation whereby the spiritual or immaterial reality is prefigured by a living person, event, experience, or the like; thus, in medieval religious poetry Jerusalem is the type of heaven (the heavenly Jerusalem); in allegorical interpretation of Scriptures, the paschal lamb is the type of Christ, the victim on the Cross
{

spiritual wisdom ... is unchanging and eternal; it is communicated to us in types and shadows dim—in symbols—till we grow up into the power of understanding it— Inge

}
{

concludes that the whole of the Old Testament is one great prophecy, one great type of what was to come— Maas

}
Analogous words: *sign, mark, token, badge: device, motif, design, *figure, pattern
2 *character, sign, mark
Analogous words: *device, contrivance: diagram, delineation, outline, sketch (see under SKETCH vb)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Symbol — des Sternbildes Löwe Der Terminus Symbol (aus dem Griechischen: Etwas Zusammengefügtes) oder auch Sinnbild wird im Allgemeinen für Bedeutungsträger (Zeichen, Wörter, Gegenstände, Vorgänge etc.) verwendet, die eine Vorstellung meinen (von etwas,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Symbol — es una empresa adquirida por Motorola que comercializa sistemas de radiofrecuencia computarizada, entre otros productos. El uso habitual de este tipo de sistemas es para capturar por medio de su láser, códigos de barras de tiendas de autoservicio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Symbol — Sym bol (s[i^]m b[o^]l), n. [L. symbolus, symbolum, Gr. sy mbolon a sign by which one knows or infers a thing, from symba llein to throw or put together, to compare; sy n with + ba llein to throw: cf. F. symbole. Cf. {Emblem}, {Parable}.] 1. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Symbol — Sym bol, v. t. To symbolize. [R.] Tennyson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Symbol — (v. gr. Symbŏlon, lat. Symbŏlum, d.i. eigentlich Zusammengestelltes) 1) Merkmal, Wahrzeichen, Kennzeichen, woran man etwas erkennt, woraus man etwas vermuthet od. schließt, so ein Gegenstand, welcher einem ausgesetzten Kinde mitgegeben wurde u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Symbōl — (griech., lat. symbolum), Erkennungs oder Merkzeichen, daher auch soviel wie Parole, meist aber gebraucht gleich Sinnbild: eine sinnliche Vorstellung (ein Bild), durch die eine selbst nicht sinnliche, sondern abstrakte Vorstellung (ein Sinn)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Symbol — (lat. symbolum), Sinnbild, ursprünglich die zusammenpassenden Hälften eines Täfelchens oder Ringes, woran sich Gastfreunde erkannten, demnach ein Erkennungszeichen, aus welchem sich später der Begriff des Sinnbildes entwickelte. Symbolik ist… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Symbol — Symbōl (grch. symbŏlon; lat. symbŏlum), Erkennungszeichen; bedeutsames Zeichen überhaupt, Sinnbild; im theol. Sprachgebrauche die Bekenntnisformen oder schriften (s. Symbolische Bücher) der Christen und der einzelnen christl. Kirchen. – Chemische …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Symbol — Symbol, ein Sinnbild, die bildliche Darstellung einer Idee etc. durch Worte oder sonstige sinnliche Zeichen. So ist das Wort als Zeichen für eine Sache, schon selbst ein S. Das S. ist ein echtes S., wenn es selbstständig ist und sich auf etwas… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Symbol — Symbol, griech. deutsch, das Zeichen, Erkennungszeichen, Sinnbild einer Sache oder Idee durch einen mit ihr mehr od. weniger verwandten Gegenstand. In der Kirchensprache bezeichnet S. jeden Kultgebrauch, der einen höhern mystischen Sinn in sich… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • symbol — I noun abbreviation, badge, clue, connotation, cue, delineation, depiction, emblem, enactment, ensign, exponent, gesture, image, index, indication, manifestation, mark, model, notation, note, picture, portrayal, representation, seal, sign, signal …   Law dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.